- Initial symptoms of monkeypox are fever, body aches and fatigue.
- This disease is very similar to smallpox, but it is much less fatal.
- It can lead to a rash. Red bumps on the skin
A rare condition called monkeypox has been confirmed in the United States and Europe, with more suspected cases worldwide. There are only about 2,000 cases. 200 confirmed casesHealth experts are beginning to investigate the spread of the virus and what it means for the general public.
Monkeypox is a virus which originated in West Africa and Central Africa. Although it is usually restricted to animals, previous outbreaks have shown that it can also spread to humans.
“This is a virus that belongs to the same group as the smallpox virus; however, it’s a much milder and less deadly form of it,” says Dr. William SchaffnerVanderbilt University Medical Center in Tennessee.
On was the first confirmed case. May 7thA person who had traveled from Nigeria to the United Kingdom. London also saw additional cases, but they were not related to the first case. This suggests that there are unlinked chains of infected individuals. There have been no deaths reported to date.
Monkeypox symptoms are usually upper respiratory or flu-like symptoms. They disappear for up to 2 weeks after an individual is infected.
“If you are exposed and infected with the virus, it has a very long incubation period – and once it does enter the body, it affects internal organs first,” Schaffner explained.
He continued, “These symptoms include a very prominent fever, body aches and pains, headache, and fatigue.”
Lymphadenopathy, also known as enlarged lymph nodes or lymphadenopathy, is a condition in which the body fights the symptoms.
These symptoms can then lead to a rash, which is often seen on the hands, feet and mouth. These rashes may develop into red, painful, puss-filled papules or raised bumps.
Dr. Jeremey Walker, assistant professor at the University of Alabama at Birmingham Division of Infectious Diseases, explains that the “illness often lasts 2-4 weeks” and it usually necessitates avoiding close contact with others to limit and prevent spread.
If you are experiencing symptoms, Walker shares the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations to contact your physician, especially if you “have recently traveled to Central or West Africa or areas within Europe where multiple cases have been reported.”
Additionally, if you have “had contact with a person who has had suspected or known monkeypox or are a man who regularly has intimate contact with men.”
Monkeypox is transmitted through close contact.
“This virus transmits through respiratory droplets, which requires prolonged face-to-face or close contact with another individual – this is very different from COVID-19,” Schaffner told Healthline.
“With this virus, we see chains of transmission which are linked to another individual. However, unlike COVID-19, which had the ability to transmit to others by both respiratory and airborne routes, we do not expect to see a large cases of transmission with monkeypox,” he continued.
Health experts at the
Although officials say that men who sex with men are at higher risk, the disease can still be spread to anyone exposed.
There are two types: the West African or Central African version.
“According to the WHO, all cases whose samples have been confirmed by PCR have been from the West African clade,” says Dr. Jeremey WalkerAssistant Professor at University of Alabama at Birmingham Division of Infectious Disorders.
“Infections with the West African clade tend to be less severe than Congo Basin, (Central African) clade, and there is a lower case fatality rate,” Walker told Healthline.
These outbreaks are not unusual. In fact, the virus was first identified in monkeys in 2008.
Although most cases are found in Africa, there have been previous outbreaks in Israel, the United States and Singapore. The 47 cases of the most recent US outbreak occurred in 2003.
The CDC reports that there is currently no proven or safe treatment for monkeypox, and most people recover and survive without any intervention.
Although the Food and Drug Administration approved vaccines against monkeypox transmission, they have not been used in the general population for almost 50 years. Currently, the vaccines are still within the FDA’s purview. Strategic National Stockpile.
“At the moment, there is no plan to use any vaccines in the United States for monkeypox as we only have a handful of cases, however, the CDC is making plans in the event that it has to be used in the future,” said Schaffner.
Monkeypox symptoms are vague and may look like other upper respiratory infections. However, it is important to consult a physician.
Walker explains, “if you have a new unexplained rash, you should contact your physician for evaluation and treatment. Your physician could assess for any concerns for monkeypox, and additionally, coordinate appropriate workup and treatment for the many other causes of a rash as well.”
Source: Health Line