Diabetes sufferers can use a variety of techniques to lower their blood sugar and reduce the risk of complications.
1. Monitor blood sugar levels closely
High blood sugar usually refers to levels above
An at-home glucose monitoring device can be used to monitor diabetes patients’ blood sugar levels. A continuous glucose monitor is an option. This is a medical device that allows a person to easily check their blood sugar levels.
Each person will have a different recommendation regarding the number of times they should test for glucose levels. A doctor can give the best recommendations about the frequency of testing.
2. Reduce carbohydrate intake
A low-carb diet is one that restricts the amount of carbohydrates a person consumes. Carbohydrates increase blood glucose more than other food groups. evidenceLow carb diets may help people stabilize and manage their blood sugar levels.
This eating style may not work for everyone. A person might want to consult a dietitian or healthcare professional before reducing their carbohydrate intake.
Learn more about a low-carb diet for diabetes.
3. Make sure you eat the right carbs
Sugars and starches increase blood sugar levels. Fiber, however, does not cause a blood glucose spike.
Some people may also refer to sugars or starches as simple or complex carbs. Simple carbs only contain one type of sugar. These carbohydrates are quickly broken down by the body, which causes blood glucose to rise rapidly. Complex carbohydrates contain three or more sugars that have been linked together. They cause a slower release in the body of sugar, so blood sugar levels are not affected by them as rapidly.
Some people use the glycemic indicator (GI) to monitor how much sugar or carbohydrate they eat. This helps them manage their blood sugar levels. The GI ranks different foods and measures their nutritional value. how muchThey cause blood sugar levels rise.
Low GI foods are those that have a low GI score 55 or lowerYou can find the index here. These foods include:
- sweet potatoes
- Low fat milk
- leafy greens
- Non-starchy vegetables
- Nuts and seeds
4. Keep a moderate weight
Attaining a moderate body weight
5. Control portion size
A person should follow the guidelines for most meals.
6. Exercise regularly
Exercise has many health benefits. It can also help with blood sugar management. Notably, exercise can helpBy increasing insulin sensitivity, muscle cells can use the hormone more effectively to absorb glucose and use it as energy. This can help lower blood sugar over the short term. In the long term, regular exercise can help lower a person’s A1C test result.
Proper hydration is essential for good health. It can also help to control blood sugar levels. The body’s need for water is called dehydration. It is a condition that causes the body to lose water.
However, it is important to hydrate with water, as other beverages — such as fruit juices and sodas — can cause blood glucose to increase further.
8. Try herbal extracts
Some people might consider herbal supplements to control their blood sugar. However, some research suggests they may not be as effective as prescribed. may haveThese claims are supported by more evidence. Some herbs can interact with medications and cause side effects. A person should consult a doctor before taking any supplements.
Supplements that might help include:
9. Manage stress
Blood sugar levels are affected by stress. When the body is under stress, such as when someone is ill or is experiencing emotional stress, these hormones are released. can raise blood sugar levels.
Research shows that exercise and relaxation are effective ways to manage stress. can help lower blood sugar levels.
10. Get enough sleep
Sleeping well can help manage diabetes. Research shows that adults should aim to get enough sleep.
Insufficient sleep can have a variety of effects on the body.
- Increased insulin resistance
- increasing hunger
- This can lead to a craving for carbs and sugary foods.
- It is more difficult to maintain a moderate body weight.
- raising blood pressure
- reducing the ability of the immune systems to fight infection
- An increase in the risk of anxiety and depression
Multiple factors such as dietary patterns, health, and medications, can influence a person’s blood sugar levels. A person can seek a doctor’s advice on the best strategies to manage their blood glucose. As an individual’s blood sugars can fluctuate and go down quickly, it is important to monitor them closely.
Insulin is a common medication that can reduce blood sugar quickly. Different typesThere are several types of insulin. Each type has its own advantages. different onset and duration — meaning how long it takes to work and how long the effects last, respectively.
Rapid-acting insulin is an example. It usually starts working in approximately
Exercise, among others, can lower blood sugar levels by up to about 24 hoursthereby increasing insulin sensitivity. It is generally advisable to exercise 1–3 hoursYou should eat after you eat, as this is when your blood sugar levels will be the highest. These levels should be checked before exercising, and again after any strenuous activity.
If a person takes insulin, their risk of experiencing hypoglycemia may be highest 6–12 hours after exercising. It is important to note that experts recommend caution when exercising with high blood sugars. may causeThey will rise even further.
Source: Medical News Today