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Can people with anorexia have high cholesterol? What to know

Anorexia nervosa sufferers may be restricted in their food intake but still have high cholesterol levels. Experts believe that genes, hormones, as well as other factors, could be responsible.

Anorexia nervosa is a mental condition that causes intense fear of weight gain. It can cause malnourishment or other serious health problems. It can even cause death in some cases.

Anorexia sufferers may have high cholesterol levels, despite having a restricted diet and sometimes eating very little. A 2019 meta-analysisIt was found that anorexics had higher cholesterol levels than those without the condition.

Experts don’t know why, but they think anorexia might cause genetic, hormonal, or gut bacteria changes that increase cholesterol levels.

Learn more about the connection between cholesterol and anorexia. How cholesterol levels affect your health.

Anorexic individuals restrict their food intake and fear the possibility of gaining weight. In some casesThey have a different image of their body and weight.

Research shows that anorexics may restrict their food intake. has linkedHigh cholesterol is a condition. Experts believe that a variety of factors play a role.

Genetics

A large 2017 studyIt was found that anorexia and high density lipoprotein (HDL cholesterol) had a strong genetic correlation. This means that people with anorexia genetic markers were more likely to also have markers for HDL cholesterol.

Although HDL is the “good” type of cholesterol, having very high levels may be harmful in some cases.

Hormones

A diet low on calories and fat can have many positive effects on the body. including:

  • Hypoinsulinemia is an abnormally low level of insulin in the blood.
  • Sensitivity to insulin has increased
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)

Anorexia sufferers may also have lower levels of the thyroid hormone triiodothyronine, (T3). T3 regulates a lipoprotein called cholesterol ester transfer protein (CETP), which can affect cholesterol metabolism.

Anorexics may have higher levels of CETP activity and therefore more cholesterol.

Absorption is increased

Anorexia sufferers may be more sensitive to phytosterols. These are plant compounds that naturally occur in nature and are similar to cholesterol. They may be absorbed by the body due to changes in the microbiota.

Phytosterols structurally resemble the body’s cholesterol, so when an individual consumes them, they compete with cholesterol for absorption in the gut.

Individuals with bulimia-nervosa or other eating disorders may also be affected. binge eating disorder (BED)High cholesterol levels may also be experienced by those with high blood pressure.

Bulimia nervosa is also known as bulimia. It is a serious eating disorder that can lead to a variety of health problems, including bulimia. a cycle of uncontrolled binge eating and “compensatory” behaviors, such as vomiting, fasting, or misusing laxatives. Research shows that 19–48%High cholesterol may be a problem for people with bulimia.

Experts believe this is due to the cycle binging, purging or restricting. A binge is when people eat large quantities of food. This can lead to high intakes of calories and fat. This can affect how the body processes lipoproteins and could also lead to plaque buildup in the arteries.

BED patients binge eat as well, but they don’t usually resort to compensatory measures such as purging to counter the effects. They binge eat large amounts of calories and may have an increased risk of developing diabetes. increased riskHigh cholesterol levels.

Doctors measure cholesterol levels in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl). They can classify the levels as either high, low, borderline or healthy.

Total cholesterol

Total cholesterol indicates the total cholesterol in a person’s blood, meaning both low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and HDL cholesterol.

An adult’s healthy total cholesterol level is under 200 mg/dl. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute notes that doctors consider 200–239 mg/dl to be borderline high and 240 mg/dl and above to be high.

LDL cholesterol

LDL, or “bad” cholesterol, builds up in the walls of the arteries and can cause blockages in these vessels.

Healthy levels are those that are at the top of the healthy range below 100 mg/dl. Readings of 130–159 mg/dl, 160–189 mg/dl, and 190 mg/dl and above are borderline high, high, and very high, respectively.

HDL cholesterol

HDL cholesterol is a good way to remove LDL cholesterol from your bloodstream.

Doctors recommend levels of 40 mg/dl for adult males and 50 mg/dl for adult females. They consider readings below 40 mg/dl to be low, and those above 60 mg/dl to be high.

Anorexia can be described as “the consuming of too much food.” highest mortality rateAll mental health conditions.

This eating disorder can lead many health problems. can be permanentEven after successful weight restoration and recovery, it is possible to have serious medical complications. Most often, medical complications are caused by malnutrition and weight loss. They can include:

  • Heart problems
  • Infertility
  • osteoporosis
  • thyroid abnormalities
  • constipation
  • pneumonia
  • Absence of menstruation

A team of healthcare professionals may include doctors, psychologists and psychiatrists, as well as counselors and dietitians. provide anorexia treatmentIn various settings

If the patient is severely malnourished, has unstable vital signs, or has any other health conditions such as diabetes, a doctor may recommend emergency hospital care.

Individuals with eating disorders may be referred to specialist clinics that offer intensive residential treatment.

These options are available for people who are not in need of intensive intervention but are still mentally ill. Individuals are provided with a customized meal plan. They may also be able to work with dietitians, who will help them adopt regular eating habits after they return home.

Learn more about the treatment options for anorexia.

Individuals who are concerned about their relationship with food should consult a doctor immediately. Although it can be difficult to talk about an eating disorder, treatment is often essential for a person’s long-term physical and mental health.

Anorexia is a eating disorder that can lead long-term problems. Anorexics can have high cholesterol, even though they restrict their food intake.

Experts aren’t sure why, but genetic and hormonal factors could play a role.

Source: Medical News Today

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