Bison, a game meat, may be a healthier choice than beef. It is a healthier red meat option to manage cholesterol and make up a balanced diet.
This article examines the nutritional characteristics of bison meat and its differences from beef. It also discusses the differences in farming methods, flavor, preparation, and more. We also offer tips for meals using bison meat.
Bison are large bovine animals that are similar to cattle. The Department of Agriculture (USDA)Notes that the bison bull, which stands taller than 6 feet at its hump and weighs more than a tonne, is North America’s largest native animal.
Bison can also be called American buffalo, or buffalo. Bison are raised as livestock by farmers. People prepare and eat the meat in the same way as beef.
Although beef and bison are similar in taste, they have different nutritional profiles.
Bison has a lower cholesterol level than beef. The following table compares them.
AHA advises that individuals who want to lower cholesterol should reduce saturated fat intake to less than 6% of daily calories. For someone eating 2,000 calories per day, that’s around 11–13 g of saturated fat.
Bison has less calories, cholesterol, or saturated fat.
Bison is a good source for protein and some vitamins. The nutritional profile of beef and bison is the same:
Experts recommend that people limit their consumption of red and processed meat to reduce cholesterol and heart disease.
The World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) advises people to eat no more than three portions of red meat per week — equivalent to 350–500 g (about 12–18 oz) cooked weight.
Low in cholesterol and saturated fat foods include:
- Whole grains like oats and barley, brown rice, buckwheat and brown rice are available as whole grains.
- Beans and legumes like chickpeas (cannellini beans), kidney beans, and lentils
- Soy, tofu, tempeh
- Oily fish such as mackerel, tuna, salmon and tuna are all good options.
- White fish like cod, haddock, or bass
- Chicken, turkey, and chicken without skin
- Nuts and seeds
- Low fat dairy products such as cottage cheese and skim milk are available.
These foods can be included in a balanced diet, as well as limiting saturated fats from red meats and processed meats. This will help people lower their cholesterol and reduce their chances of developing heart disease and stroke. In addition, it may reduce someone’s risk of cancer, obesity, and other chronic health conditions.
Beef and bison have many other differences, aside from their cholesterol profiles.
Farming and re-aring
Bison is game meat, and the animals are raised on farms or ranches. The animals can be free to roam or kept in a more controlled environment.
Because wild game animals get more exercise, saturated fat is often lower in wild game. Compared to wild game, most beef is mass-produced at farms where animals are not as active.
The USDAFarmers slaughter approximately 20,000 bison per year, compared to 125,000 cattle each day. Aside from not giving bison hormones or antibiotics, producers also don’t give them hormones or steroids.
According to the USDA, beefalo is made up of 3/8 bison and 5/8 domestic cows. Beefalo can easily gain weight by being fed low-cost, high-roughage feed. Beefalo’s nutrition profile may be closer to beef than bison.
Profile of Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Game meats, especially meat from grass-fed animals can contain more omega-3 fats than beef. Most commercially produced beef comes from animals that have been fed grain.
Flavor and appearance
Bison is a darker shade of red than beef in its raw form. Bison is free from any marbling, unlike beef.
Some people believe that bison is sweeter and more flavorful than beef.
Preparation & cooking
It is important to treat bison as any other meat.
Because it is lower in fat, it can be easy to overcook bison.
According to the USDA, individuals should not eat raw meat. can cook bison for longer at a lower heat of 325°F. People must ensure they cook raw ground bison to an internal temperature of 160°F by measuring with a food thermometer. Raw bison steaks and roasts must reach a minimum internal temperature of 145°F.
By simmering the bison in a little liquid in a tightly covered saucepan, it can be broiled. They can also stew them with other ingredients.
Bison can be used as a beef substitute. Individuals could, for example, grill or pan-fry bison steaks or roast them and serve them with vegetables.
Ground bison can be used in many dishes and meal ideas. Here are some examples:
- bison meatballs
- bison burger
- To serve with pasta, saute bison in a tomato sauce
- bison black bean chili
- Filling with bison for enchiladas and tacos
- bison Cajun rice
- Bean stew and bison
Bison has less cholesterol, calories, or saturated fat than beef. Farmers raise bison differently than cows to give the meat a healthier nutritional profile. It can be used in many meals every day, but it is best to not overcook it.
People should be aware of how much red meat they eat and choose other low-cholesterol protein sources such as fish or legumes.
Source: Medical News Today